Robust a posteriori estimates of energy differences for nonlinear elliptic problems
In this talk, we present a posteriori estimates for finite element approximations of nonlinear elliptic problems satisfying strong-monotonicity and Lipschitz-continuity properties. These estimates include, and build on, any iterative linearization method that satisfies a few clearly identified assumptions; this includes the Picard, Newton, and Zarantonello linearizations. The estimates give a guaranteed upper bound on an augmented energy difference reliability with constant one, as well as a lower bound efficiency up to a generic constant. We prove that for the Zarantonello linearization, this generic constant only depends on the space dimension, the mesh shape regularity, and possibly the approximation polynomial degree in four or more space dimensions, making the estimates robust with respect to the strength of the nonlinearity. For the other linearizations, there is only a local and computable dependence on the nonlinearity. Numerical experiments illustrate and validate the theoretical results, for both smooth and singular solutions.