Sen Operators and Lie Algebras arising from Galois Representations over p-adic Varieties

Any finite-dimensional $p$-adic representation of the absolute Galois group of a $p$-adic local field with imperfect residue field is characterized by its arithmetic and geometric Sen operators defined by Sen and Brinon. We generalize their construction to the fundamental group of a $p$-adic affine variety with a semi-stable chart, and prove that the module of Sen operators is canonically defined, independently of the choice of the chart. When the representation comes from a $\mathbb{Q}_p$-representation of the fundamental group, we relate the infinitesimal action of inertia subgroups with Sen operators, which is a generalization of a result of Sen and Ohkubo.